History Podcasts

Greenling II SSN-614 - History

Greenling II SSN-614 - History

Greenling II

(SS(N)-614, dp. 3732, 1. 292'3", b. 31'8", dr. 24'
s. over 30 k.; cpl. 99, a. 4 21" tt.; cl. Thresher)

The second Greenling (SS(N)-614), an attack submarine, was launched by Electric Boat Co., Groton, Conn., 4 April 1964, sponsored by Mrs. H. C. Bruton; and commissioned 3 November 1967, Comdr. Guy H. B. Schaffer in command.

Greenling was decommissioned on 18 April 1994 and was subsequently disposed through the Nuclear Powered Ship and Submarine Recycling Program at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard on 30 September 1994. Equipment from Greenling's control room was salvaged and used to construct a simulation of a submarine control room as an exhibit at the Naval Undersea Museum in Keyport, Washington.


The table below contains the names of sailors who served aboard the USS Greenling (SSN 614). Please keep in mind that this list does only include records of people who submitted their information for publication on this website. If you also served aboard and you remember one of the people below you can click on the name to send an email to the respective sailor. Would you like to have such a crew list on your website?

Looking for US Navy memorabilia? Try the Ship's Store.

There are 205 crew members registered for the USS Greenling (SSN 614).

Select the period (starting by the reporting year): precomm &ndash 1969 | 1970 &ndash 1975 | 1976 &ndash 1982 | 1983 &ndash 1988 | 1989 &ndash now

NameRank/RatePeriodDivisionRemarks/Photo
Thompson, RexEM1/SS1989 &ndash 1992E-Div
Rouse, Roberttm1989 &ndash Jun 1992weapons
Beddow, RobertMM31989 &ndash 1991A-GangBeen a long time. Good to hear some familiar names. Email me some time to catch up or look me up on Facebook.
Stuhler, Tom (Warthog) STSCS(SS)Apr 1989 &ndash Jul 1993Sonar
Nevergall, DavidCSC(SS)May 10, 1989 &ndash Jun 10, 1994MS/CS/SupplyThis was my first boat, and the best crew members, and chiefs quarters that I have known since joining the Navy.
Halliday, DavidE-5 / TM2(SS)Jun 1989 &ndash Jul 1991Torpedoman
McLellan, RobMM2/SSAug 1, 1989 &ndash Mar 26, 1993MM NukeAnyone heard from Ed Dare MM ྕ-ྗ?
McLellan, RobertMM2Aug 1, 1989 &ndash Mar 25, 1993
Boulware, ScottIC3(SS)Nov 23, 1989 &ndash Jun 14, 1992IC DivisionSome good times and some great people. I was young but learned a lot. Has anyone heard from Jerry Carter? We both had a little trouble w/ a green leafy substance. Him more than me. Mike Fanning? Jeff Flannigan RIP:)
Jackson II, DerkE2/ CorpsmanNov 23, 1989 &ndash May 7, 1991Deck Division I remember meeting a TM Bobby shithouse Rouse and being a striker with Boulware! Made my move to pick up Corpsman A school!
Baird, ThomasEM1 (SS)Dec 1989 &ndash Dec 18, 1991E-Div
Wickizer, PeterRM2Dec 27, 1989 &ndash Apr 15, 1994Radio
Bennett, Russ 1990 &ndash 1992
Henderson, JosephMM21990 &ndash 1991A-Gang
Jansen, RayEM1(SS)1990 &ndash Jun 17, 1992E-Div
Haverman, RobertTMC/SS1990 &ndash 1992TorpedoHad a blast on the UNITAS 91
Lewis, Jeff (Crazy Lew)ET3/SS (E-4)Jan 1990 &ndash Jul 27, 1992Nav Ops. ET Div.Living In Mansfield Texas, Project Supt. For Polk Mechanical.
Clevenger, TroyCLEVENGER FTG3 (SS)Mar 13, 1990 &ndash Jun 21, 1993Fire Control
Kustra, RichardEt 4Apr 1, 1990 &ndashnavigation et
Bruce, JasonMM3/SSMay 1990 &ndash Apr 1994A-GangUnitas 1990 to decomissioning in Bremerton 1994
Navarro, DennisMM1/SSMay 27, 1990 &ndash Jul 20, 1992 I also remember all you nuts. Especially all of us that were on the ྖ UNITAS run. Drop me a line at [email protected] God Bless all of you!
Keeffe, BrendanEM21991 &ndash 1994E-div
Munger, ChuckCS31991 &ndash 1994
Costa, CarlosTM3 (SS)1991 &ndash 1994Weapons - Torpedo
Strand, BillFTC(SS)Feb 1, 1991 &ndash Nov 1, 1994FT
Costa, CarlosTM 3Feb 20, 1991 &ndash May 22, 1994Weapons
McAloon, DanMS2/SSApr 5, 1991 &ndash May 1, 1992SUPPLYEMAIL ME SO WE CAN CATCH UP!
Kane, EdMM2(SS)Jun 1991 &ndash Apr 1994M Divgreat to see so many names from an awesome time in my life. lots of hard work but well worth it looking back
Aldridge, PatrickET/E4Jun 1, 1991 &ndash Mar 1, 1995Engineering
McCullough, RonMM1/SSAug 16, 1991 &ndash Dec 3, 1993A-GangReported on board 3 days before Hurricane Bob hit Groton. Road the boat to decommissioning in Bremerton
Moore, CliffordEM 2Dec 1991 &ndash Apr 1994
Moore, Ron/ronaldIC/31992 &ndash 1993ICWhat a boat that was. Surprised it came back up again.
Sawyer, MikeSTS3(SS)Jan 1992 &ndash 1994SonarLooking back, I only spent a little over 2 years here and moved on after riding it to Bremerton for decom. But it was my first boat, and there were good times and good people I'll never forget.
Devore, LarryEM2Jan 1, 1992 &ndash Oct 19, 1993E-DivAmazing Memories!!
Betsinger, James STS 3 SSAug 1992 &ndash Apr 1994SonarGreat crew, great friends, great times!!
Council, JamesMM2Sep 1992 &ndash Apr 1994Machinery
Foster, DonaldRM1Apr 1993 &ndash Sep 1993Radio
Denk, KennyIC2 (SS)Apr 1993 &ndash Feb 1994ICGreat times! Shellback on my 21st Bday, IC2-MA2, out 00 worked telecom install-construction electrician >9/11-GM2 USNR deployed to Iraq 07-08 detainee ops, Gulf of Aden battle pirates Now Paramedic FTO 🚑 & GM1 EXW/SS

Select the period (starting by the reporting year): precomm &ndash 1969 | 1970 &ndash 1975 | 1976 &ndash 1982 | 1983 &ndash 1988 | 1989 &ndash now


Long-Term Exhibits

The museum’s long-term exhibits provide a comprehensive introduction to the Navy’s undersea history and operations. Come discover the wide range of activities that happen undersea!

The Ocean Environment

Experience the remarkable and limitless diversity of the world that lies beneath the sea! This highly interactive exhibit explores key physical properties of the ocean such as buoyancy, pressure, density, heat transfer, light, sound, salinity, and oxygen. As you learn about these principles, consider how the Navy works successfully in this unusual and challenging environment!

Torpedo Technology

Torpedoes are the principal weapon of submarines for anti-submarine and anti-ship warfare. Navy aircraft and surface ships also rely on torpedoes to target enemy submarines. Learn more about the technological marvel that is the torpedo in our Torpedo Technology exhibit, which follows the history and development of U.S. torpedoes from early Howell and Whitehead torpedoes to modern torpedoes like the MK 48 ADCAP and MK 50. We hope you enjoy this look at the most comprehensive display of torpedoes in the United States!

Mine Warfare

Naval mines — prized for their efficacy, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness — have sunk more ships in the past 100 years than any other weapon. U.S. mine warfare involves both deploying mines and carrying out mine countermeasure operations. This exhibit traces the history of mine warfare from the Revolutionary War through modern operations and features examples of mines from these engagements as well as the Civil War, World War I, and World War II.

Preserving Peace: The Navy’s Strategic Deterrence Program

Since 1960, ballistic missile submarines have patrolled the world’s oceans with ballistic missiles, deterring nuclear war by their very presence. “Preserving Peace” delves into the storied history of the U.S. Navy’s strategic deterrence program from its Cold War beginnings in the 1950s through today’s modernization efforts. Highlights of the new exhibit include a Trident I (C4) missile payload section and video interviews with retired and active-duty submariners who have conducted deterrence patrols.

Saving Submariners: Submarine Rescue and Escape

Learn how the Navy saves the survivors of a submarine accident in this new exhibit, which looks at the history of submarine rescue and escape from 1900 through today. Explore the changes to submarine rescue and escape over time and discover why the U.S. Navy strongly prefers rescue over escape as the safest, most reliable method of saving submariners. Throughout, witness examples of historic and present-day equipment used to rescue the submariners that risk their lives to protect the nation.

Greenling Control Room

The control room is one of a submarine’s most important areas — it contains the equipment that steers the sub, fires its weapons, and plots its position and course. Step inside a real submarine control room in our submarine technology gallery! This recreated control room from Cold War submarine USS Greenling (SSN 614) features equipment from the sub, including periscopes, the ship control panel, fire control panel, and ballast control panel.

Search, Spy, Rescue, Recover: Navy Vehicles Under the Sea

Once confined to science fiction, undersea vehicles now make thousands of dives for the Navy every year. Throughout the world, Navy vehicles recover lost objects, spy for information, disarm undersea mines, rescue accident survivors, investigate the ocean, and more. Missions like these were once impossible, difficult, inefficient, or dangerous to do. This exhibit explores the many ways that undersea vehicles expand Navy abilities and reduce risk to Sailors.

Family Learning Area

Whether artist or astrophysicist, everyone starts as a new learner. Inherent skills allow us to ask questions, explore, and make conclusions- providing a launch pad for growth and confidence in learning. This space provides a kid-friendly, hands-on area to use skills of observation, inquiry, exploration, reflection, and resilience to understand our environment.

Outdoor Exhibits

Connect with undersea history before you even step foot inside the museum by touring our outdoor exhibits. Enjoy the chance to see and learn about these oversize artifacts on display outside the museum:

Mystic (DSRV 1)
DSRVs Mystic and Avalon provided rapid-response submarine rescue capability to the U.S. Navy from 1970 to 2008. In the event of a submarine accident, one of the Navy’s two deep submergence rescue vehicles (DSRVs) could be deployed to rescue survivors anywhere in the world. Although now retired, they remain two of the most technologically advanced submersibles in the world.

Trieste II (DSV 1)
Trieste II (DSV 1) was the first deep submergence vehicle built by the U.S. Navy, following its acquisition of the original Trieste bathyscaphe. With an operating depth of 20,000 feet, Trieste II performed undersea research and tasks, including examining the remains of USS Scorpion in 1969. Most recently, Trieste II made national news in late 2012 after the Central Intelligence Agency released information about a secret mission it conducted in 1972 to retrieve a lost spy satellite film capsule from 16,400 feet.

Sail of USS Sturgeon (SSN 637)
USS Sturgeon was the lead ship in her class of 37 fast attack submarines. Sturgeon-class submarines were the workhorses of the Submarine Force during the Cold War, conducting surveillance and reconnaissance missions, taking part in battle and strike group operations, and providing precision strike capability and ground warfare support. After Sturgeon was decommissioned in 1994, her sail was brought to the museum for permanent installation.

Sealab End Bell
The Navy’s Sealab projects of the 1960s tested and demonstrated the viability of saturation diving, which allows divers to live and work at great depths for days, weeks, or even months. This end bell is one of two dome-shaped end caps created for the Sealab II habitat the divers worked from. To form the end bells, Hunter’s Point Naval Shipyard personnel exploded C-4 plastic explosive underwater using steel and a concave die, a process called explosive metal shaping.


Service history [ edit ]

On 27 May 1968, Greenling ' s fleet training exercise was interrupted by the search and rescue operation for missing submarine USS Scorpion  (SSN-589) . Her commanding officer was designated the Commander of the SAR Task Element, which included of three nuclear and four diesel submarines. That assignment continued until 12 June 1968.

Greenling spent most of her career assigned to Submarine Squadron 10 (SUBRON 10) and was homeported in Groton, Connecticut. [ citation needed ]

On 27 March 1973, Greenling accidentally dived "well below its test depth" during a training dive off the coast of Bermuda due to a faulty depth gauge. A different gauge revealed the error and the submarine returned to the surface safely. Various reports placed Greenling between 150 and 200 feet from crush depth at her deepest point. After returning to port, she was sent to Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in Maine for examination, and was returned to service soon after. Ώ] ΐ]

History to 1994 needed.

Greenling was decommissioned on 18 April 1994 and was subsequently disposed through the Nuclear Powered Ship and Submarine Recycling Program at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard on 30 September 1994. Equipment from Greenling ' s control room was salvaged and used to construct a simulation of a submarine control room as an exhibit at the Naval Undersea Museum in Keyport, Washington. [ citation needed ]


Greenling II SSN-614 - History

Alternative Cold War History 1994

USN Attack Submarines (SSN)

An SSN at its core it is simply a nuclear powered general purpose submarine, they many names Americans call them ‘Attack Submarines’, the Royal Navy knows them as ‘Fleet Submarines’, the Soviets call them ‘Cruisers’ and in many ways they have replaced that traditional surface class in key roles. It is sometimes easier to classify an SSN by what it isn’t it is not able to fire ballistic missiles, this is reserved for SSBNs it’s primary weapon is not a missile, that would be an SSGN (none in US service in 1994) and it is not commonly used as a research vessel, although testing new equipment is routine. Another distinction that is mere semantics is the term ‘Hunter Killer’ which, is a popular phrase but more properly reserved for small diesel powered boats classified as SSK. Since the USN doesn’t operate SSKs and its entire submarine fleet is nuclear powered that distinction is not useful. In Northern Fury the US Navy has 97 of the 100 attack boats called for in the Reagan ‘600 ship navy’ plan, but has also retained 12 specialist submarines based on SSN hulls. Two key decisions have been made specific to the Northern Fury world: 1) Older subs will be maintained to balance the fleet at 100 Attack boats plus 8-10 specialist hulls and 2) The Seawolf class will not be canceled and will build out to the 29 hulls as projected, perhaps beyond. Seawolf will replace older boats over time and the special mission roles will transfer to the older Los Angelis class.

In many ways the unique derivatives of the fleet submarine Special Forces delivery, communications eavesdropping and gathering electronic intelligence have always been a function of submarines, but the USN developed these activities to a far higher level in the ‘80s. The capabilities were not foreseen or even technically feasible when the Reagan plan was drawn up, but were too valuable to squander. Therefore, although the boats dedicated to these tasks are capable of acting as attack submarines and are classified as SSN, in Northern Fury the USN will retain them in excess of the main fleet of attack boats.

Permit Class: Five of the 14 boats in this class are still in service, three of them beyond their historic life. These boats were commissioned in the late 1960s and three of them (Flasher, Greenling and Gato) called ‘Style 3’ have a longer hull, larger sail and were built with a ‘SUBSAFE’ standards based on the lessons learned from the loss of USS Thresher, the original class lead. USS Haddock was built with a larger sail and retrofitted with many other improvements (Style 2) while Guardfish is a ‘Style 1’ hull rebuilt to SUBSAFE standards. Haddock and Guardfish are slated for retirement later in 1994 when the 3 rd and 4 th of the Seawolf class are commissioned. Even though these boats are approaching 30 years old, they’re still very capable and potent platforms but, are not quiet enough nor do they have the sonar capabilities to challenge modern Soviet boats. In secondary roles confronted with most other situations however, they are still very valuable /assets. It’s worth noting that the only ‘Style 4’ boat, USS Jack was older than the five remaining boats and was used as an experimental testbed with a direct drive, twin screw propulsion system, she was retired in 1990.

Class Pennant Name Historic Flt Home Port Remarks
Permit SSN-612 Guardfish Retired 92 Pacific San Diego
SSN-613 Flasher Retired 92 Pacific San Diego Patrol Philippians
SSN-614 Greenling Retired 94 Atlantic Portsmouth Patrol Caribbean
SSN-615 Gato Retired 96 Atlantic New London
SSN-621 Haddock Retired 93 Pacific Vallejo

Sturgeon Class: All 28 boats of this class remain in service. Not included in this number are the nine ‘Long Hull Sturgeon’ boats referred to as the Archerfish class below, or the two experimental boats which were based on this class: USS Narwhal, still in service and detailed below and Glenard P. Lipscomb which has been retired. The Sturgeons were longer, much improved versions of the Permit class, they had a larger sail, more weapons and more sensors. Although the Sturgeons had the same four torpedo tubes as the Permit class but carried more reloads and could fire Harpoon Anti-Ship Missiles (ASM), Tomahawk land attack or anti-ship missiles (TLAM), SUBROC anti-submarine missiles or standard Mk-48 ADCAP torpedoes. A midlife upgrade improved the hull mounted sonar and added a towed array sonar as well as many other electronics upgrades. Historically this class started to retire in 1991 while some continued to serve until 2000, many with less than 30 years service in Northern Fury an optimal life of 30 years will be aimed for and they will start to retire in 1997 as more Seawolf come online.

Class Pennant Name Historic Flt Home Port Remarks
Sturgeon SSN-637 Sturgeon Retired 94 Atlantic Charleston
SSN-638 Whale Atlantic Groton
SSN-639 Tautog Pacific Pearl Harbor Patrol South Pacific
SSN-646 Grayling Atlantic Charleston
SSN 647 Pogy Pacific San Diego Refit
SSN-648 Aspro Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN-649 Sunfish Atlantic Charleston
SSN-650 Pargo Pacific Bremerton
SSN-651 Queenfish Retired 92 Pacific Pearl Harbor Patrol Japan
SSN-652 Puffer Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN-653 Ray Retired 93 Atlantic Charleston
SSN 660 Sand Lance Atlantic Groton Refit
SSN-661 Lapon Atlantic Norfolk
SSN-662 Gurnard Pacific San Diego Patrol Philippians
SSN-663 Hammerhead Pacific Vallejo
SSN-664 Sea Devil Retired 91 Atlantic Charleston
SSN-665 Guitarro Retired 92 Pacific San Diego Patrol North Pacific
SSN 666 Hawkbill Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN-667 Bergall Atlantic New London
SSN-668 Spadefish Atlantic Norfolk Patrol Caribbean
SSN-669 Seahorse Atlantic Charleston Patrol South Atlantic
SSN-670 Finback Atlantic Norfolk Patrol Mediterranean
SSN-672 Pintado Pacific San Diego
SSN-673 Flying Fish Pacific Bremerton Refit
SSN 674 Trepang Atlantic Groton Patrol Caribbean
SSN-675 Bluefish Atlantic Norfolk
SSN 676 Billfish Atlantic Groton Patrol Scotland
SSN-677 Drum Pacific San Diego

USS Narwal (SSN 671): The Narwal was a testbed for an advanced propulsion system designed to minimize or hide noise from water circulation, a constant requirement in nuclear power plants. The new design made her the quietest submarine of her time and proved the system for employment on the forthcoming Los Angeles and Ohio class boats. More important for the Northern Fury campaign however, was her role in the fleet as a Special Mission electronic intelligence gathering platform, a task she performs throughout the campaign. At the start of the war she is resident at her homeport of Charleston South Carolina, but will spend most of her time lurking along the edge of the polar icecap collecting intelligence and playing hide & seek with Soviet patrols.

Archerfish Class: The nine boats of this sub-class were a version of the Sturgeon and are often still named for the original design, but have a lengthened hull to provide more space for accommodation and improved electronic equipment. Over time the additional space allowed for a much easier transition to Special Mission boats, as all of these hulls have been repurposed to do. The most unique was USS Batfish which became a trials boat for a super quiet surface coating which was later included on Los Angeles and other submarine designs, she was also used for other purposes. Although the remaining boats were used for several missions, and they underwent some unique overhauls, two main functions emerged:

Cable Tap: Parche in the Pacific and L. Mendel Rivers in the Atlantic were extended by 100 feet, and outfitted for deep water research and recovery using saturation divers and a special deployable ‘sled’ to tap underwater communications cables. The modifications are all very secret and these comments are highly speculative but there is some evidence to support these activities. Since Northern Fury is fiction, it is not too big of a leap to include these capabilities. There is some doubt if L. Mendel Rivers was modified, but it was certainly used as a DDS submarine and there is a good chance that Richard B. Russell was equipped this way, but she is on the wrong coast for our story.

DDS: Dry Deck Shelters are installable chambers that allow Special Forces personnel and equipment to easily depart from the submarine while submerged. These have the capacity to hold an underwater ‘SDV’ Swimmer Delivery Vehicle and up to 20 divers able to conduct a mass swimmer exit from the sub.

Benjamin Franklin Class SSN: These two former SSBNs were converted into Special Mission SSNs in the early 1990s. Large, quiet and equipped with plenty of space for mission planning and Special Forces accommodation these boats have twin DDS and a capacity for about 50-70 Special Forces personnel.

Class Pennant Name Flt Home Port Task Remarks
Benjamin Franklin SSN-645 James K Polk Atlantic Norfolk 2xDDS Conversion completed Feb 94 vice March
SSN-642 Kamehameha Pacific Pear Harbor 2xDDS

Los Angeles (Type 688): All 62 of the Los Angeles or ‘688’ class are in service for Northern Fury, this is about two years faster than real life but the assumption is that a somewhat accelerated program would have been adopted for the last five years of production. There are at least three distinct sub-classes and several variations within the production of this series:

SSNs 688-718 - Original Los Angeles class – 31 boats, usually called ‘Flight I’.

SSNs 719-725 and 750 - Have 12 vertical launch tubes (VLS) for the Tomahawk cruise missile, and an upgraded reactor core. Called ‘Flight II’ or Providence Class.

SSNs 751-773 - The final 23 hulls are referred to as "688I" (for improved) with better sonar and under ice capability and the 12 VLS tubes. These are the ‘Flight III’ or San Juan Class.

There were several controversies involved in the design, such as sacrificing dive depth for higher speed however, no clear unclassified understanding of the real measurements exists so a general statement that these are fast and capable boats with very few rivals will have to suffice. In Northern Fury, these boats are the workhorses of the campaign, they are only rivalled by the very latest Soviet boats and certainly the Flight III sub-class far outmatches even these.

Class Pennant Name Flt Home Port Task Remarks
Los Angeles SSN 688 Los Angeles Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN-689 Baton Rouge Atlantic Norfolk Repaired after collision
SSN 690 Philadelphia Atlantic Groton
SSN 691 Memphis Atlantic Groton Med
SSN-692 Omaha Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN-693 Cincinnati Atlantic Norfolk
SSN-694 Groton Atlantic Groton
SSN-695 Birmingham Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN-696 New York City Atlantic Norfolk X-Ray Stn Change of historic home port
SSN 697 Indianapolis Pacific Pearl Harbor Refueling In dry dock
SSN 698 Bremerton Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN 699 Jacksonville Atlantic Norfolk
SSN 700 Dallas Atlantic Groton
SSN 701 La Jolla Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN-702 Phoenix Atlantic Norfolk
SSN 703 Boston Atlantic Groton
SSN 704 Baltimore Atlantic Groton X-Ray Stn
SSN 705 City Of Corpus Christi Pacific Guam
SSN 706 Albuquerque Atlantic Groton
SSN 707 Portsmouth Atlantic San Diego Change of historic home port
SSN 708 Minneapolis-St. Paul Pacific Pearl Harbor Change of historic home port
SSN 709 Hyman G. Rickover Atlantic Norfolk
SSN 710 Augusta Atlantic Groton
SSN 711 San Francisco Pacific Guam
SSN 712 Atlanta Atlantic Norfolk Scotland
SSN 713 Houston Pacific San Diego
SSN 714 Norfolk Atlantic Norfolk Med
SSN 715 Buffalo Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN 716 Salt Lake City Pacific San Diego
SSN 717 Olympia Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN 718 Honolulu Pacific Pearl Harbor
Providence VLS SSN 719 Providence Atlantic Groton
SSN 720 Pittsburgh Atlantic Groton
SSN 721 Chicago Atlantic Groton Change of historic home port
SSN 722 Key West Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN 723 Oklahoma City Pacific Norfolk
SSN 724 Louisville Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN 725 Helena Pacific San Diego
SSN 750 Newport News Atlantic Norfolk
San Juan (688I) SSN 751 San Juan Atlantic Groton Change of historic home port
SSN 752 Pasadena Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN 753 Albany Atlantic Norfolk
SSN 754 Topeka Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN 755 Miami Atlantic Groton
SSN 756 Scranton Atlantic Norfolk
SSN 757 Alexandria Atlantic Groton
SSN 758 Asheville Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN 759 Jefferson City Pacific San Diego
SSN 760 Annapolis Atlantic Groton
SSN 761 Springfield Pacific Guam Change of historic home port
SSN 762 Columbus Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN 763 Santa Fe Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN 764 Boise Atlantic Norfolk X-Ray Stn
SSN 765 Montpelier Atlantic Norfolk
SSN 766 Charlotte Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN 767 Hampton Atlantic Norfolk
SSN 768 Hartford Atlantic Groton
SSN 769 Toledo Atlantic Groton
SSN 770 Tucson Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN 771 Columbia Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN 772 Greenville Pacific Pearl Harbor
SSN 773 Cheyenne Pacific Pearl Harbor

Seawolf Class: Arguably the most advanced submarine on the planet. The Seawolf class is known as the fastest submarine in the US fleet and the quietest submarine in the world, estimated at 10 times quitter than an Improved Los Angeles boat, with twice as many torpedo tubes. Sensors, electronic countermeasures, accommodation, weapon storage and essentially all other systems are a major improvement over the 688 class. With this improvement comes a high cost, these were projected as being the most expensive submarines ever built, at about $3 Billion dollars each they were three times the price of a 688 boat as well. Historically the program was cancelled after the first three were built and there were significant delays caused by funding shortfalls. In Northern Fury the first two are already in service while the next two are launched and fitting out for commissioning later in the year. The plan to build all 29 is being carried forward and there is discussion of even more. Note that the 3 rd of the class USS Jimmy Carter was completed as an SSN and not as the redesigned as a Special Mission boat as she was historically. The Virginia class was not designed or constructed.


Greenling II SSN-614 - History

An elongate, fine-scaled fish found from Kamchatka to California.

( SS-213: dp. 1526, 1. 311'9", b. 27'3" dr. 15'3" s. 20 k. cpl.60a.13",1021"tt.cl.Gato)

Greenling (SS-218) was launched by Electric Boat Co. Groton, Conn., 20 September 1941 sponsored by Mrs. R. S. Holmes, and commissioned at New London, Conn., 21 January 1942, Lt. Comdr. H. C. Bruton in command.

After shakedown training out of New London, Greenling departed 7 March 1942 for the Pacific. She arrived Pearl Harbor 3 April and sailed 20 April for her first war patrol in the Marshalls and Carolines, The submarine attacked cargo ship Seia Maru four times 30 April-1 May off Entwetok, but due to faulty torpedoes was not able to sink her. The tenacious submarine even closed for a night gunfire attack in an attempt to cripple her adversary. Finally forced by Japanese aircraft to break off the attack, Greenling turned her attention to the huge Japanese base at Truk. As the Japanese converged on the Solomons, Truk became a busy shipping point and a fertile ground for submarine operations. The submarine recorded her first kill 4 May when she hit cargo ship Kinjnan Maru amidships, breaking her in two. As the Japanese were turned back in the important Battle of the Coral Sea, history's first big carrier air battle, Greenling attempted to intercept the retiring enemy units, but her speed was no match for the fast Japanese heavy units. The submarine departed the Truk area 4 June, the day of Japan's first great naval defeat at the Battle of Midway, and arrived Pearl Harbor 16 June.

Greenling departed on her second war patrol 10 July 1942. One of the first submarines to operate in the Truk area, she now joined in the undersea blockade of that Important base, in an attempt to cut its supply lines to Japan. After damaging ships 26 and 29 July Greenling sank transport Brazil Maru off Truk, and Just after midnight the same night attacked cargo ship Palau Maru, which she torpedoed and sank. Next morning the submarine took periscope photographs of Truk, and steamed to the New Ireland area, attempting to intercept Japanese fleet units retiring from the Solomons. The submarine encountered surface opposition in the area, but evaded a destroyer attack 20 August and set course back to Midway. En route she destroyed a large Japanese trawler with her deck gun, and arrived Midway 1 September 1942.

Greenling third war patrol took her off the Japanese home islands. Departing Midway 23 September, the submarine sank cargo ship Palua Maru 3 October, Setsupo Maru the next day. She fired three torpedoes at cargo ship Takusei Maru 14 October, scored three hits, and watched her sink in the space of 6 minutes. This attack brought a host of escort vessels to search for Greenling but she evaded them and attacked a large freighter 18 October. One torpedo set the target aflame, but the second "fish" ran erratically, circled, and almost hit Greenling. The next ran true, however, and cargo ship Hakonesan Maru was sent to the bottom. After destroying a sampan in the Tokyo-Aleutians shipping lanes 21 October, Greenling returned to Pearl Harbor l November. The attrition on Japanese shipping by submarines was already being felt and would be a major factor in her eventual defeat.

Steaming into the Solomons-Truk area for her fourth war patrol, Greenling departed Pearl Harbor 9 December D42. Immediately-upon her arrival off Bouganville 21 December she attacked a tanker and two escorts, sinking Patrol Boat 55 before being driven down by depth charge attacks. Moving to the familiar Truk traffic lanes, she sank freighter Nissho Maru 30 December. She attacked a large tanker with destroyer escort early 10 January 1943, but after scoring one hit was opened upon by the tanker's large deck gun and was forced to break off the action. Off New Britain 16 January she torpedoed and sank cargo ship Kimposan Maru and destroyed a tug with her deck gun, then reconnoitered the Admiralty Islands before steaming to Brisbane, Australia.

The submarine arrived Brisbane 31 January 1943 and remained there until departing on her fifth war patrol 21 February. Greenling steamed to the Solomons-Bismarck area, and landed a party of intelligence agents on the coast of New Britain 2 March. In a patrol characterized by bad weather, she scored no hits on enemy shipping and returned to Brisbane 26 April 1943. Greenling cleared Brisbane 17 May to conduct her sixth war patrol in the Solomons-New Guinea area, long the scene of bitter sea and land fighting. During this patrol she damaged ships 9 June, 10 June, and 27 June, but was unable to record a sinking because of heavy escort activity. She returned to Brisbane 8 July 1943.

The submarine sailed 29 July on her seventh war patrol, which consisted largely of special missions. She landed a party of Marine Raiders in the Treasury Islands 22-23 August to select a site for a radar station and prepare for the landings there, scheduled for October. Greenling reconnoitered Tarawa 10 September and sailed to San Francisco via Pearl Harbor for overhaul.

Returning to action 5 December at Pearl Harbor, Greenling sailed for her eighth war patrol 20 December 1943, in the Caroline Islands. She ended the old year with a late night attack, which sank freighter Shoho Maru, reconnoitered Wake Island, and returned to Midway 28 January 1944. Her ninth war patrol, 20 March-12 May 1944, was a special mission entailing photographic reconnaissance of Guam, Tinian, and Saipan in the Marianas Islands, work which did much to aid the coming amphibious campaign for the Marianas.

Greenling sailed from Pearl Harbor on her with patrol 9 July 1944. Operating off Formosa, she formed a coordinated attack unit with Billfish and Sailfish. Closely watched by enemy aircraft Greenling recorded no torpedo sinkings, though she sank a trawler with gunfire 8 August. She returned to Midway 12 September 1944.

The veteran submarine departed 5 October 1944 for her 11th war patrol, in the ocean approaches to Tokyo. Sighting a 5-ship convoy 7 November, she fired 4 torpedoes and sank both oiler Kota Maru and transport Kiru Maru Continuing to prowl off Japan, Greenling sank her last ship 10 November 1944 when she torpedoed old destroyer Patrol Boat 46. She returned to Pearl Harbor 23 November 1944.


About The Greenlining Institute

The Greenlining Institute works toward a future when communities of color can build wealth, live in healthy places filled with economic opportunity, and are ready to meet the challenges posed by climate change. To achieve this vision, Greenlining is committed to building a just economy by acting as an incubator of new policy ideas, a bridge builder between diverse partners, and an advocate to build momentum for transformative change. The Greenlining Institute is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 94-3173571.


U.S. Naval Undersea Museum Celebrates 25th Anniversary

KEYPORT, Wash. -- For 25 years, the U.S. Naval Undersea Museum (USNUM) has strived to connect veterans, Sailors and the local community with the history, technology and operations of the undersea Navy.

The Undersea Museum opened as a preview center in 1991, and proceeded to open as a fully operational museum in 1994, with the goal of keeping the community connected and educated with its undersea Navy.

KEYPORT, Wash. (Aug. 2, 2019) A photo of the U.S. Naval Undersea Museum. The U.S. Naval Undersea Museum opened in 1994. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Allen Lee (Released)

“The undersea Navy is something the majority of people in our country are not familiar with,” said Olivia Wilson, operations manager for the USNUM. “We want to provide the community with a basic understanding of what the Navy does undersea through exhibits and educational opportunities, free of charge.”

Some of the museum’s biggest attractions include the acquisition of the attack submarine USS Sturgeon’s (SSN 673) sail, located in front of the museum, and the Greenling control room that was constructed with real equipment from the Cold War-era fast attack submarine USS Greenling (SSN 614).

KEYPORT, Wash. -- The sail from Cold War submarine USS Sturgeon (SSN 637) arrived at the U.S. Naval Undersea Museum in August 1995 for permanent display, after the submarine was recycled through the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard’s submarine recycling program. USS Sturgeon was the lead ship in a class of 37 fast attack submarines that conducted missions during the Cold War. U.S. Navy photo. (Released)

“We’re very proud of all of the artifacts,” said Wilson. “It’s a great way to show our visitors the history of the undersea Navy. It’s been a long road, but we’re continuing to grow and bring in new exhibits and programs. We’re trying to keep moving forward and improve on what we can provide for the community.”

The museum also offers hands-on learning opportunities for children in the local community through the museum’s educational programs.

KEYPORT, Wash. -- In November 2012, the U.S. Naval Undersea Museum hosted a special presentation by the Central Intelligence Agency’s (CIA) Historical Collections Division, which detailed a declassified secret mission carried out by the museum’s submersible Trieste II (DSV 1). The public program drew a full crowd that filled the museum’s auditorium past its 450-seat capacity. U.S. Navy photo. (Released)

“Over the life of the museum, we’ve grown our educational offerings to weekly and monthly science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) programs,” said Valerie Johnson, a USNUM educator.

“We’ve partnered with regional schools and community organizations to enhance K-12 experiences, both onsite with Navy STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) days and offsite with Camp Create. We’ve expanded our outreach capabilities throughout Puget Sound and are serving roughly 10,000 learners a year.”

KEYPORT, Wash. -- The control room equipment of nuclear-powered submersible NR-1 joined the U.S. Naval Undersea Museum’s artifact collection in May 2018. NR-1 carried out classified and unclassified missions for almost 40 years as the Navy’s only nuclear submersible. The highly significant acquisition was made possible by the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, which carefully removed and reassembled the equipment during the recycling process. U.S. Navy photo. (Released)

Since 1999, the museum has been the venue for more than 7,000 retirements, changes of command, meetings, trainings, field trips and other education programs.
“We’re more than just a museum,” said Wilson. “We provide an auditorium for local, state and federal entities to rent out for whatever events they have going on. We have about 20,000 people a year using our facility spaces.”

"The USNUM was made possible through the determination of a core group of founders who recognized the need to share the U.S. Navy&aposs important undersea history,” said Lindy Dosher, museum director of the USNUM. 𠇎stablishing the museum was not easy, but after decades of work their dream was realized. In the years since USNUM became a professional museum institution, it has accomplished many things. We’ve shared award-winning educational programs, been accredited by the American Alliance of Museums twice, managed a diverse and complex artifact collection with the highest standards in the industry, developed a robust and engaging exhibit program, and served as a critical asset to our Navy and local community. We have had a great 25 years, and the staff and I look forward to seeing what more we can do in the next 25.”

KEYPORT, Wash. – Guests observe exhibits at the Naval Undersea Museum Keyport Oct. 10, 2015 during Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) Day. DSRV Day represents the one-year anniversary of the DSRV arriving at the Naval Museum. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Charles D. Gaddis IV. (Released)

The Naval Undersea Museum is one of the largest maritime museums on the West Coast and holds the country&aposs most comprehensive collection of undersea-related artifacts and documents. Through education programs and an 18,000-square foot exhibit hall, the museum connects visitors to more than 150 years of naval undersea history and technology.


United States Navy Nuclear-powered attack submarines

Nautilus (SSN-571) - museum ship, Groton CT. Not reactivated.

Seawolf (SSN-575) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Skate (SSN-578) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Swordfish (SSN-579) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Sargo (SSN-583) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Seadragon (SSN-584) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Skipjack (SSN-585) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Scamp (SSN-588) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Sculpin (SSN-590) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Shark (SSN-591) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Snook (SSN-592) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Triton (SSRN-586) - reserve, Norfolk. Not reactivated.

Halibut (SSN-587) - reserve, Puget Sound. Not reactivated. Ex-SSGN.

Permit (SSN-594) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Plunger (SSN-595) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Barb (SSN-596) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Pollack (SSN-603) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Haddo (SSN-604) - Selective Restricted Availability, San Diego.

Jack (SSN-605) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Tinosa (SSN-606) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Dace (SSN-607) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Guardfish (SSN-612) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Flasher (SSN-613) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Greenling (SSN-614) - refuelling overhaul, Portsmouth NH. Completed 1987.

Gato (SSN-615) - active, Atlantic Fleet

Haddock (SSN-616) - refuelling overhaul, Mare Island. Completed 1987.

Tullibee (SSN-597) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Sturgeon (SSN-637) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Whale (SSN-638) - refuelling overhaul, Puget Sound. Completed 1988.

Tautog (SSN-639) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Grayling (SSN-646) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Pogy (SSN-647) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Aspro (SSN-648) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Sunfish (SSN-649) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Pargo (SSN-650) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Queenfish (SSN-651) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Puffer (SSN-652) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Ray (SSN-653) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Sand Lance (SSN-660) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Lapon (SSN-661) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Gurnard (SSN-662) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Hammerhead (SSN-663) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Sea Devil (SSN-664) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Guitarro (SSN-665) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Hawkbill (SSN-666) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Bergall (SSN-667) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Spadefish (SSN-668) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Seahorse (SSN-669) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Finback (SSN-670) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Pintado (SSN-672) - active, Pacific Fleet. On WestPac deployment when war began.

Flying Fish (SSN-673) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Trepang (SSN-674) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Bluefish (SSN-675) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Billfish (SSN-676) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Drum (SSN-677) - active, Pacific Fleet. Scheduled to begin refuelling overhaul in October 1985.

Archerfish (SSN-678) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Silversides (SSN-679) - refuelling overhaul, Puget Sound. Completed summer 1986.

William H. Bates (SSN-680) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Batfish (SSN-681) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Tunny (SSN-682) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Parche (SSN-683) - active, Pacific Fleet. Used for special operations.

Cavalla (SSN-684) - active, Pacific Fleet.

L. Mendel Rivers (SSN-686) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Richard B. Russell (SSN-687) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Narwhal (SSN-671) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Glenard P. Lipscomb class

Glenard P. Lipscomb (SSN-685) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Los Angeles Flight I class

Los Angeles (SSN-688) - regular overhaul, Pearl Harbor. Completed October 1985.

Baton Rouge (SSN-689) - regular overhaul, Norfolk. Completed spring 1986.

Philadelphia (SSN-690) - regular overhaul, Portsmouth. Completed summer 1986.

Memphis (SSN-691) - regular overhaul, Norfolk. Completed November 1986.

Omaha (SSN-692) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Cincinnati (SSN-693) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Groton (SSN-694) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Birmingham (SSN-695) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

New York City (SSN-696) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Indianapolis (SSN-697) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Bremerton (SSN-698) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Jacksonville (SSN-699) - active, Atlantic Fleet. On round-the-world cruise, operating in Indian Ocean, when war began.

Dallas (SSN-700) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

La Jolla (SSN-701) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Phoenix (SSN-702) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Boston (SSN-703) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Baltimore (SSN-704) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

City of Corpus Christi (SSN-705) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Albuquerque (SSN-706) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Portsmouth (SSN-707) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Minneapolis-Saint Paul (SSN-708) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Hyman G. Rickover (SSN-709) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Augusta (SSN-710) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

San Francisco (SSN-711) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Atlanta (SSN-712) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Houston (SSN-713) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Norfolk (SSN-714) - active, Atlantic Fleet.

Buffalo (SSN-715) - active, Pacific Fleet. At Subic Bay on WestPac deployment when war started.

Salt Lake City (SSN-716) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Olympia (SSN-717) - active, Pacific Fleet.

Honolulu (SSN-718) - working up, Atlantic Fleet.

Los Angeles Flight II (VLS) class

Providence (SSN-719) - working up, Atlantic Fleet.

Pittsburgh (SSN-720) - building, Groton. Commissioned November 1985.

Chicago (SSN-721) - building, Newport News. Commissioned July 1986.

Key West (SSN-722) - building, Newport News. Commissioned March 1987.

Oklahoma City (SSN-723) - building, Newport News. Commissioned December 1987.


SSN - Permit

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

Historie
Zcela nová generace, i tak lze shrnout charakteristiku třídy Permit. Přestože je, ostatně jako vždy, celá věc složitější, není toto sousloví vůbec nadnesené. Třída totiž ve své době disponovala několika natolik závratnými novinkami, že nelze než ji přiřknout prvenství - první třída víceúčelových útočných ponorek s tichým provozem a schopností velkého ponoru, určená pro boj proti ponorkám.

První stránky této třídy se začali psát ve 2. polovině 50. let 20. století. V tomto období, přesněji v roce 1956, podává velitel námořních operací U.S.A. admirál Arleigh Albert Burke žádost speciálně vytvořenému výboru z Národní Akademie Věd (Commitee on Undersea Warfare of the National Academy of Sciences). Ta se týká zkoumání nových technologií vhodných pro ponorkový boj a jejich efektu na jeho vedení. Výsledky tohoto studia kladou enormní důraz na hluboký ponor, tichý provoz a výkonný pasivní sonar, a vejdou ve všeobecnou známost jako Project Nobska. Tyto události se odehrávají v době, kdy jsou stavěny rovněž průlomové ponorky s kapkovitým tvarem a vysokou podhladinovou rychlosti řady Skipjack. Avšak u těchto ponorek není možné stávající závěry od NAS (National Academy of Sciences) uplatnit právě z důvodu použitého tvaru trupu, a proto je nutno navrhnout zcela novou třídu. Naštěstí je v té době přehodnocena strategie nasazení řízených střel odpalovaných z ponorek, ve prospěch balistických střel Polaris (odpalovaných z ponořených ponorek) je zrušen program Regulus (odpalovaných z vynořených ponorek) a s tím související plánovaná stavba jeho podmořských nosičů. A ty, místo aby byly zrušeny, jsou přepracovány na koncept stíhacích víceúčelových ponorrných plavidel a navrženy podle závěrů programu Project Nobska.

Dle výsledků programu disponuje novým typem trupu, který umožní nejen hladké proudění vody, ale zároveň poskytne maximálně využitelný vnitřní prostor pro vybavení, výstroj a výbroj (což je výrazný nedostatek kapkovitého trupu předešlé třídy Skipjack). Nově jde o protáhlý doutníkovitý trup s jen o málo horšími hydrodynamickými vlastnostmi než má výše zmíněný kapkovitý trup. Společně s použitím odhlučněných závěsu pro strojní zařízení (např. turbíny) a zmenšením velitelské věže se podařilo dosáhnout prvního ze tří pilířů Project Nobska - výrazného snížení hlučnosti (jediné, co bylo v tomto případě obětováno, byla rychlost). Po kladné zkušenosti s umístěním rozměrného aparátu pasivního sonaru v přídi ponorky SSN-597 USS Tullibee, dostala i plavidla řady Permit toto řešení společně se šikmo směřujícími torpédomety na bocích trupu za přídí (do té doby byly torpédomety v přídi). Umístění hlavního senzoru ponorky - sonaru - v sobě zahrnovalo několik výrazných kladů. Zejména se jednalo o to, že zástavba vskutku rozměrného a sofistikovaného systému pasivní soustavy hydrofonů do přídě umožní jejich ničím nerušený provoz (zejména vlastní plavnou ponorky). Připravený sonar AN/BQQ-2, svým tvarem připomínal rozměrnou kouli, ostatně nebylo možné z praktických důvodů jeho funkce umístit jinam. Přesto to s sebou neslo také nepříjemnost v podobě umístění torpédometů do středu plavidal, včetně jejich šikmého vyústění, což nelibě nesli především velitelé ponorek samých. Avšak toto uspořádání je u US ponorek využíváno dodnes. Třetím a posledním úkolem bylo dosáhnout hlubšího ponoru než měly předešlé třídy. Toho se podařilo docílit jen z části, ponor se sice zvýšil, ale nikterak významně oproti třídě Skipjack.

Tato řada ponorek byla vyvinuta přímou iniciativou U.S. Navy a vzešla z rýsovacích prken vojenských loděnic (což bylo první narušení do té doby dominantního postavení loděnice General Dynamics Electric Boat Division, která měla jakýsi monopol na vývoj atomových ponorek). Plavidla byla stavěna v celkem 5 loděnicích na východním i západním pobřeží U.S.A. (loděnice Portsmouth Naval Shipyard (PNS), Kittery, ME Mare Island Naval Shipyard (MINS), Vallejo, CA Ingalls Shipbuilding Litton Industries, Pascagoula, MS New York Shipbuilding, Camden a General Dynamics Electric Boat Division, Groton, CT).

Jako první byla postavena ponorka SSN-593 USS Thresher, která byla jakýmsi prototypem těchto pokrokových plavidel. A právě po něm, jak tomu bylo a je v Spojených Státech zvykem, měla být pojmenována celé třída. Ale poté co se plavidlo nešťastně potopilo, a aby se zabránilo podobné katastrofě, ihned potom, co byly objeveny nedostatky v konstrukci, byly provedeny úpravy náležité úpravy. A třída byla přeznačena na v pořadí druhé plavidlo SSN-594 USS Permit. Stavba této třídy probíhala více jak 8 let a za toto období bylo postaveno 13 podmořských člunů (mimo zmíněné USS Thresher).

Přestože se do této nové generace ponorek upírali značné naděje, nebyla třída Permit tak převratná, jak si mnozí představovali. To ostatně v té době ani nebylo dost dobře možné, ale i tak byla vrcholem tehdejších technologií a absolutní špičkou ve světě. Sovětské ponorky v té době již značně pokulhávaly, zejména co se týče hladiny emitovaného zvuku, i bezpečností a spolehlivostí svých reaktorů. A stejně tak jako USS Nautilus poskytl technologii jaderného pohonu a USS Albacore dodal technologii tvaru trup, tak i třída Permit se stala důležitým základem pro budoucí ponorky tříd Sturgeon, Los Angeles, Seawolf a v neposlední řadě i současná Virginia. Třída Permit tak představuje kvalitativní skok v oblasti redukce hluku a použití výkonného sonaru - vznikla tak první třída ponorek určených speciálně pro stíhání nepřátelských ponorek.

Popis
Plavidla třídy Permit (včetně ponorky-prototypu USS Thresher) jsou, na rozdíl od předešlé třídy Skipjack, zcela novou vývojovou etapou a předznamenaly tak budoucí evoluci v oblasti podmořských člunů U.S. Navy. Využívají sice poznatky a zkušenosti z předešlých plavidel, ale jejich konstrukce byla ve své době zcela převratná a jsou od ní odvozeny novější třídy.

U ponorek řady Permit byla poprvé použita vysokopevnostní ocel HY-80 a díky tomu jsou plavidla schopná potopit se do větších hloubek než předešlé třídy (rozdíl však není nijak markantní). Od počátku byl tup navržen tak, aby při plavbě pod hladinou kladl co nejmenší odpor a přitom poskytoval co možná největší využitelný vnitřní prostor. Příďová hloubková kormidla jsou umístěna na velitelské věži zhruba ve 2/3 výšce. Samotná výška věže byla u plavidlel SSN-613, SSN-614 a SSN-615 z přibližně 4-4,5 metrů u ostatních plavidel zvětšena na +/- 6 metrů a trup prodlouženo více jak 4 metry z důvodu zlepšení stability (všechny tři ponorky byly postaveny v loděnicích GD Electric Boat Division). Záďová horizontální a vertikální kormidla jsou standardního provedení (ve tvaru kříže - znaku +).

Údaje o posádce plavidel řady Permit se značně rozcházejí. Nejpravděpodobněji ji tvořilo mezi 103 - 112 příslušníky námořnictva U.S.A. (jiné zdroje uvádějí počty od 94 do 143 mužů). Veškeré vnitřní prostory, včetně ubikací, jsou klimatizovány.

Hlavním zdrojem energie nad i pod mořskou hladinou jsou 2 parní turbíny o celkovém výkonu 11.185 kW (15.000 koňských sil). Páru pro ně zajišťuje "srdce" ponorky, osvědčený jaderný tlakovodní reaktor S5W (vyvinutý a vyráběný společností Westinghouse). Výkon je přenášen na jednu lodní hřídel, jdoucí v ose plavidla a zakončenou lodním šroubem. U této třídy byl také poprvé použit systém odhlučnění strojní části jeho umístěním na odpružené platformy a to jako u vůbec prvních jaderných ponorek.
Plavidla USS Flasher, USS Greenling a USS Gato byla prodloužena o více jak 4 metry, protože měla jiné stroje (do určité míry se jednalo o jakési testovací platformy pro budoucí třídu Sturgeon). Ponorka SSN-605 USS Jack měla experimentální typ pohonu, který měl mít vyšší účinnost a zároveň být tišší. Jednalo se dvojici protiběžných šroubů na jedné hřídeli. Poté, co výsledky nesplnily očekávání, byla přestavěna do standardní podoby ponorek řady Permit.

Pro své bojové nasazení jsou vybaveny odpovídající senzorovou a elektronickou výstrojí. Tu zahrnuje hladinový vyhledávací-přehledový radar AN/BPS-11, ale především byl instalován robustní trupový sonar (a to vůbec poprvé v sérii, vyjímkou byla testovací ponorka USS Tullibee). Jedná se o pasivní sonarovou sopravu AN/BQQ-2 o velké citlivosti a značném dosahu. Později je nahrazen novým a samozřejmě výkonným typem AN/BQQ-5D [V]3. Součástí zmíněného pasivního sonaru AN/BQQ-2 je aktivní sonar AN/BQS-6. Některá plavidla mohla být vybavena pasivním sonarem AN/BQR-7, ale zatím byl povrzem jen u SSN-595 USS Plunger. Plavidla jsou dále vybavena pasivním sonarovým vlečným polem TB-16. Pro řízení palby torpéd měly ponorky analogový systém Mk.113, který posléze nahradil digitální Mk.117. Samozřejmě i ponorky třídy Permit mají periskopy (pravděpodobně fy. Kollmorgen).

Úderným prostředkem útočných ponorek jsou torpéda a nejinak je tomu i zde. Dohromady 4 torpédomety jsou umístěny kvůli přítomnosti sonaru AN/BQQ-2 (a později AN/BQQ-5) za přídí (přibližně v úrovni věže) a mají standardní ráži 533 mm. Ponorky byly zpočátku vybaveny torpédy Mk.37, které později nahradily moderní a výkonné Mk.48. Plavidla také nesla protiponorkové raketové torpédo UUM-44A Subroc a později i protilodní řízené střely UGM-84A/C Sub-Harpoon. Na běžnou hlídkovou plavbu byly vyzbrojeny 17 torpédy a 6 raketovými torpédy, později bylo jejich množství upraveno na 15 torpéd, 4 raketová torpéda a 4 protilodní střely. V případě potřeby je možné celý náklad ofenzivní výzbroje zaměnit za miny, které může plavidlo nést a i klást. Celkem se jedná o až 46 kusů min různých typů (Mk.57, Mk.60 CAPTOR a Mk.67 SLMM).

List of site sources >>>


Watch the video: USS Greenling SSN-614 Control Room - Naval Undersea Museum - Keyport, WA (January 2022).